Resources > Dragon1 Framework for Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Architecture Models > Enterprise Performance Framework, Reference Models > Enterprise Architecture Core Reference Model. . 2.3 EA classification to see the big picture of EA. Reference models provide textual extractions of underlying architectural data. From Wikipedia, a reference model is a model in systems, enterprise, and software engineering is an abstract framework or domain-specific ontology consisting of an interlinked set of clearly defined concepts produced by an expert or Performance reference model: links business-partner strategy, internal business components, and investments to measure the impact of those investments on strategic outcomes 2. Business refere… Reference models are used in the engineering of use for communicate standards in an organized approach Reference model was introduced by the evolution of EA as the reference to find reusable resource Definition Reference Model serve as the architecture taxonomy to establish the common architecture communication platform and keep architect on the same page and mitigate the risk of learning from the wrong experience. Here are the reason for why reference model. Since 1999, the DoD hasn’t used the TAFIM, and it’s been eliminated from all process documentation. It consists of a set of interrelated reference modelsdesigned to facilitate cross-agency analysis and the identification of duplicative investments, gaps and opportunities for collaboration within and across agencies. The Application Reference Model (ARM) supports architectural analysis and reporting in the applications sub-architecture view of the overall EA. He was a registered Professional Engineer in the state of Florida since 1981. It is part of EA discipline. The Data Centre Services (DCS) Reference Architecture Document (RAD) has been developed to describe the reference architecture models for a common, shared and consolidated DC environment for the Government of Canada (GC) as an enterprise. A reference architecture in the field of software architecture or enterprise architecture provides a template solution for an architecture for a particular domain. . Although the US government have established the Federal Enterprise Architecture Consolidate Reference Model for a decade, it have not become a popular knowledge except in the US Federal Enterprise Architecture community. EA community have used Technical Reference Model to classify and categorize their technology standards from the beginning of EA. Agile enterprise architecture -- which focuses an organization around a flexible, extended collection of structures and processes that can grow. Between box-and-line sketches that are the barest of starting points and full-fledged architectures, with all of the appropriate information about a system filled in, lie a host of intermediate stages. The business capability model describes the capabilities that exist within the organisation to deliver the organisations value proposition. FY10 FEA Reference Model Mapping Quick Guide. IT Services / Enterprise Architecture Framework.docx / PUBLISHED / v 3.0 Page 4 of 34 1 Introduction 1.1 Background Often compared with town-planning or urban design, Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a holistic approach to managing the complexity of IT from a business perspective. To write a Service Level Agreement, both parties need clear definition on performance, business, service, data and technology. As demonstrated within the example, additional information can be incorporated into the model to communicate the status of the asset lifecycles, asset licencing arrangements, asset support models, and/or indicate whether an asset is a global or local standard. Reference model enable enterprise architecture to learn from the right resources. Your email address will not be published. . 2. This provides a comprehensive model of the business capabilities, business scenarios, service domains and business objects used in banking and other financial services. May 8, 2017 - Enterprise Architecture Reference Model is a Dragon1 reference model for EA. The term of TRM has become the synonymy of standard profile. Reference model enable Service Level Agreement(SLA) as the the information age culture evolved to out sourcing, service oriented architecture and clouding computing. John has earned the M.S. None of these materials devotes much attention to information security management or risk management, although the reference models acknowledge risk management and mitigation as agency management functions [32] . 7.5.2 Developing the Baseline Description. In 1989, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) published the NIST Enterprise Architecture Model. are described as “standardized architectures that provide a frame of reference for a particular domain Re-use this reference model to make it part of your enterprise meta model. The reference model become critical to specify service catalog and service agreement as shown in the ITIL Version 3. 3.1 The science of EA taxonomy Reference Model serve as the taxonomy of Enterprise Architecture. It … EA industry have used Technical Reference Model to classify their technical standards. The Data Reference Model (DRM) is one of the five reference models of the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA). An Enterprise Architect must know all the Enterprise Architecture classification so that they can classify their architecture as a common language to communicate with each other. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF REFERENCE MODEL Reference model must be maintained and modified for practical use. The OMB reference model has not become popular as expected due to lack of continuous maintenance. 3.2 The Scope of Enterprise Architecture Reference Model The scope of Enterprise Architecture Classification is not only about Information Technology. They define the infrastructure as well as the skills and procedures needed for the implementation of the respective system [Nie08]. C.2.3.1 Align to the GC Business Capability model C.2.3.1.1 Define program services as business capabilities to establish a common vocabulary between business, development, and operation; C.2.3.1.2 Identify capabilities that are common to the GC enterprise … To write a Service Level Agreement, both parties need clear definition on performance, business, service, data and technology. Below is a 2d flat version of a simple Enterprise Architecture Meta model of an Organization with 2 business units. Myth #1, Developing reference Model EA professional are asked to develop reference model where the reference models are considered as an architecture best practice. It was released as a reference model for enterprise architecture, offering insight into DoD’s own technical infrastructure, including how it’s structured, maintained and configured to align with specific requirements. The Enterprise Architecture Capability Reference model is represented by a simple graphic and a complete textual description. Required fields are marked *, You may use these HTML tags and attributes:
. The architecture classification is well defined with a code, a name and description to avoid miss communication. The surface area across which an organization must integrate has expanded dramatically in recent years. A reference model—in systems, enterprise, and software engineering—is an abstract framework or domain-specific ontology consisting of an interlinked set of clearly defined concepts produced by an expert or body of experts to encourage clear communication. The second reference architecture is the Integrated Information Infrastructure Reference Model (III-RM) [11b]. 2.1 To learn the right experience from each other. SaaS platform for Enterprise Architecture. The Consolidated Reference Model of the Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF) equips OMB and Federal agencies with a common language and framework to describe and analyze investments. The Architect… The scope of reference model encompass all EA related architecture classification such as performance reference model, business reference model, service reference model, data reference model and technology reference model. Reference model enable reuse, sharing and learning experience from each other to overcome the challenge of stovepipe system. ... Standards and Reference Models that constitute the architecture framework and the compliance of projects as documented in the project Architecture Compliance Form (ACF). Application Portfolio Management: how to create effective application landscapes? The Myth of reference model. This series of topics illustrates several architecture approaches for mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, and other scenarios that might lead you to migrate to a new cloud tenant. The best way to make transition from stovepipe culture to EA culture is EA education, it is difficult to teach old dog new trick due the burden of existing resistance. Whereas a reference model divides the functionality, a reference architecture is the mapping of that functionality onto a system decomposition. Data Architecture Reference Model 1.0 Introduction First things first: what is a reference model? Download the EA Capability Reference Documents Based upon the organizations preferences current & target execution is assessed to provide priority for improvement. Maracanã, 229 – Rio de Janeiro Goran D. Putnik, D.Sc. It is crucial to establish an international Enterprise Architecture classification based on the science of Taxonomy. And of course you can alter the reference model to your own theory about enterprise strategy. Rather, they are used as a constraint for more concrete architectures. This reference architecture implements an extract, load, and transform (ELT) pipeline that moves data from an on-premises SQL Server database into Azure Synapse and transforms the data for analysis.. A reference implementation for this architecture is available on GitHub.. Originality, Enterprise Architects classify their enterprise architecture for the purpose of architecture communication to reuse, share and learning the right experiences from each other. Collectively, the reference models comprise a framework for describing important elements o… Reference models provide textual extractions of underlying architectural data. Scenario: An organization has a large OLTP data set stored in a SQL Server database on premises. The TOGAF Foundation Architecture is an architecture of generic services and functions that provides a foundation on which more specific architectures and architectural components can be built. In this environment, the customers and service providers establish service agreement from the aspect of performance requirement, line of business, service category and technology. Business Architecture. An Enterprise Architecture Framework defines in a series of reference models, how to organize the structure and views associated with an Enterprise Architecture. It is important to establish international Enterprise Architecture classification so the all the Enterprise Architects can speak the same EA language. Reference model is the corner stone for EA to line up rather than an architecture best practice. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 3.3 The Structure of Reference Model Reference model as taxonomy is in a hierarchical structure. OMB developed a set of reference models, practice guidance, and an enterprise architecture assessment framework under its Federal Enterprise Architecture program. For example: reference model tree in the US FEA Consolidate Reference Model. TOGAF is based on TAFIM (Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management), an IT management framework developed by the U.S. Defense Department in the 1990s. Recently, the Banking Industry Architecture Network (BIAN) published version 8.0 of its financial industry reference architecture. What is Reference Model? A reference model establish the common Enterprise Architecture language and classification for EA community to talk in the same language and communication on the same page. For more detail on the please link to the FEAPMO reference model. Enterprise Architecture Reference Model - Dragon1 Enterprise Architecture Reference Model is a Dragon1 reference model for EA. It establish a common language for the knowledge of reusable resources to learn from the experience of the others. Nodes below this root are more specific classifications that apply to subsets of the total set of classified objects. This was a five-layer reference model that illustrates the interrelationship of business, information system, and technology domains. It also provides a common vocabulary with which to discuss implementations, often with the aim to stress commonality. Originally taxonomy referred only to the classifying of organisms (now sometimes known as alpha taxonomy) or a particular classification of organisms. This Foundation Architecture has two main elements: The Technical Reference Model (TRM), which provides a model and taxonomy of generic platform services 5. "John Chizong Wu has actively participated and advocate practical Enterprise Architecture approach in the Washington DC area since 1998. The consolidation reference further demonstrate that reference model is all about Enterprise Architecture classification and have nothing to do with architecture approach. The model provides a taxonomy for classifying the technology assets. As information evolved to cloud computing, service orient architecture and outsourcing, it is establish common language in Service Level Agreement from the aspect of performance, business, service, data and technology. Enterprise Architecture Domains‎ > ‎Business Architecture‎ > ‎Business Models‎ > ‎Business Information Model‎ > ‎ Reference Data Data that is used to define or describe other data. Effective management of such complexity and scale requires tools and approaches that architects can use. And of course you can alter the reference model to your own theory about enterprise strategy. Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF) – which is a reference model that was introduced in 1996 for IT effectiveness. 7. Reference model is perceived reference model as an architecture approach rather than an architecture classification. Within Enterprise Architect, this graphic also serves as a mechanism for navigating through the model. Create your account to get started. 6. It is another key anchor for your enterprise architecture and provides the basis to understand: Where you have duplication; Where you have risk; How you can reduce costs; How you can increase agility Federal Reference Models The Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF) was established in 1999 by the Chief Information Officers (CIO) in response to the Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996. Mathematically, a hierarchical taxonomy is a tree structure of classifications for a given set of objects. BM_Virtual Enterprise Architecture Reference Model for Concurrent Engineering: An experiment Antonio José Caulliraux Pithon, PhD Departamento de Engenharia de Produção, Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica do Rio de Janeiro – CEFET/RJ Av. There are two essential parts to the Technical Reference Model: the packages, providing a model and taxonomy of generic platform services, and a graphic of nested services that facilitates visualization. Enterprise Architecture Capability Reference Model The Enterprise Architecture Capability Reference model is represented by a simple graphic and a complete textual description. 4.4 Use reference model for architecture assessment Governance organization use reference models for the purpose of Enterprise Architecture assessment. Below you see the most recent version of the Dragon1 Enterprise Architecture Reference model. The following figure illustrate the background of reference model. As a result, there are several common myth in reference model concept. The principles apply to all IT projects and architecture-related work. As the notional reference model figure below illustrates, reference models capture the elements of the architectural views, and translate those elements into text. The framework is made up of six reference models that can be used with some latitude to apply to private sectors: 1. Taxonomy is a fundamental training for biologist to classify organism so does Reference model is the fundamental training for Enterprise Architect 3. Then based on these questions, you can develop an approach and identify the models that you need. This may be true for stovepipe architects, reference model is fundamental for Enterprise architects to share, reuse and learn experiences of each other. We'll send an email with a link to reset your password. This mechanism can be used to create a Technical Reference Model by creating the foundational elements,, services, interfaces and connectors as stereotypes within the profile. Reference model enable EA communication, It is the corner stone of Enterprise Architecture. in Computer Science from Florida Institute of Technology in 1984. Myth #2: Reference model have no value to architects, it is only for architecture assessment Some EA experts claim that reference model is only create by US OMB for the purpose of architecture assessment and it have no architecture value for a real architects. Again, this reference architecture fosters a common vocabulary [Kel11]. In the mean time, he have contributed significant efforts in EA evangelism to participate the government enterprise architecture working groups; serve as the president of the Association of Enterprise Architect DC chapter which support grass root EA seminars for many years; contribute author of Cutter Consortium Enterprise Architecture Advisory Service; and hosting the Light Enterprise Architecture website www.liteea.com; and presenting practical concepts in SlideShare. The DRM is a framework whose primary purpose is to enable information sharing and reuse across the federal government via the standard description and discovery of common data and the promotion of uniform data management practices. Architecture approaches for Microsoft cloud tenant-to-tenant migrations. EA documents the structural and behavioural building blocks that THE CHALLENGE OF REFERENCE MODEL The challenge of reference model is to establish a common reference model in the Enterprise Architecture community. Enterprise Architecture Principles based on the IT Strategy and industry best practice. This article discuss architecture classification from the aspect of : . Central to the Reference Architecture are the EA purposes. Even with a reference model, the challenges can be substantial. Central to the Reference Architecture are the EA purposes. Toolb… By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. However, ITIL and Cobit from British government have become popular in many countries and gaming support in the international EA community. 7.3 The education of Reference Model Many academic institution have initiated Enterprise Architecture education program. Agile enterprise architecture -- which focuses an organization around a flexible, extended collection of structures and processes that can grow. It is critical to have a common reference model to facilitate the communication handshake. The model should be created as part of the set up of the architecture programs but will typically require extending as technology standards are introduced and retired. The risk of learning experience of each other is learning from the wrong experience by comparing apple to orange. The most popular reference model is the Open System Interconnection(OSI) Reference Model. Both the United States government and the British government have invested on architecture classification. 1. 4.2 Use reference model to render architecture standards This is the most popular utilization of reference model. The associated meta-model will illustrate the relationship between the reference models, with the use cases providing examples of how each reference model can be applied. These topics provide starting-point guidance for enterprise resource planning. Why Architecture Classification? FY10 FEA Reference Model Mapping Quick Guide. The U.S OMB, leverage on it governing power, has dedicated significant effort to establish the consolidate reference models within the federal government agencies. Information age have evolved to Out Sourcing, Services Oriented Architecture and cloud computing. ", © 1995-2020 Toolbox is among the trademarks of, Reference model – The Enterprise Architecture Classification, 7 WFH Perks IT Professionals Want in 2021, Moving Beyond Linear Customer Journeys in 2021, 4 Winning IT Strategies to Survive Future Crises, What Your Disaster Recovery Strategy Should Look Like in 2021 – Part I, Digital Concierge Is Paving the Way for Contactless Experiences. example: The US OMB have use their consolidate reference model for the purpose of Enterprise Assessment. . The external reference architecture sources that have been used by other countries such as USA, Europe and Australia are used as reference to derive this MyGovEA Reference Model as follows: 1.) This Foundation Architecture is embodied within the Technical Reference Model (TRM), which provides a model and taxonomy of generic platform services. The TOGAF Foundation Architecture is an architecture of generic services and functions that provides a foundation on which more specific architectures and architectural components can be built. Myth #3, Reference model as the best practice Some EA office use reference model as the best practice architecture model and require agency compliance. WHY REFERENCE MODEL? The challenge of reference model . 3.6 AGA Reference Models agency context diagram 16 four Using the Australian Government Architecture Reference Models 18 4.1 Applying the AGA Reference Models to EA 18 4.2 AGA Reference Models and catalogues 22 4.3 AGA Reference Models and the AGA Investment Templates 22 five Using the AGA Metamodel 24 5.1 Why the AGA Metamodel is needed 24 As Enterprise Architecture have evolved for IT centric to business oriented approach, the US government have extend reference model to performance, business, services, data and technology with PRM, BRM, SRM, DRM and TRM. The Common Approach to Federal Enterprise Architecture also defines a Consolidated Reference Model.This framework establishes a common language to describe and analyze investments. The best option a CIO has for Technology Innovation and Digital Transformation. To keep the reference model simple, the group of reference model is consolidated to become the consolidate reference model. EA community to overcome the challenge of stovepipe system have adopt the reference model concept from the network communication practice. 4. Performance Reference Model The Performance Reference Model (PRM) supports architectural analysis and reporting in the strategy sub-architecture view of the overall EA. However, reference model are used to classify an organizations architecture category rather than serve as an architecture best practice. Integration must now treat cloud as a first-class citizen and cater to radically different requirements from a broader range of users. You can unsubscribe at any time. Enterprise Architecture, Government EA, Reference Models FEA Reference Models include the Consolidated Reference Model Version 2.3 and Data Reference Model 2.0. Reference Model In module one of the MOOC, we introduced you to a Business Capability Model which can be used to provide business context and anchor a number of architecture views. The discipline of EA, views an organization as an overall system of complex and intertwined systems. Below you see the most recent version of the Dragon1 Enterprise Architecture Reference model. The British government have also invested on ITIL and Cobit to establish a common IT management classification 7.2 The authority of Reference Model Reference Model as the common EA communication language must establish the authority to serve as the global Enterprise Architecture classification. You can re-use this reference model to make it part of your enterprise meta model on Dragon1. The DRM is a framework whose primary purpose is to enable information sharing and reuse across the federal government via the standard description and discovery of common data and the promotion of uniform data management practices. In enterprise engineering a business reference model is part of an Enterprise Architecture Framework or Architecture Framework. The segment model at its core allows a distinction of … http://www.slideshare.net/wuchizong. The Technical Reference Model ensures that architectures are created consistently and repeatedly based on a standard set of elements. The use of reference model. THE BACKGROUND Reference Models are not strangers to the network communication engineers, they have talk to each other in on the same page with the same protocol. In this article, I will introduce another helpful deliverable called Enterpris… informational contents, presentation formats, typical use cases, lifecycles and purposes (see Enterprise architecture on a single page). The US FEAPMO Consolidate Reference model has been a very visionary EA classification effort tie the different reference model together. Before EA, organization compose a list of standard in alphabetic order without architecture context. THE USE OF REFERENCE MODEL 4.1 Use reference model to classify and synchronize enterprise architecture with industry Enterprise Architects classify and synchronize their enterprise architecture with industry for the purpose of learning experiences from the right category and resource. TOGAF – The Open Group Enterprise Architecture Framework: it provides an approach The most difficult thing in EA is to get Enterprise Architects to talk in the same language. If an enterprise has existing Architecture Descriptions, … We encourage you to read our updated PRIVACY POLICY and COOKIE POLICY. They are not solution architectures, i.e. The US government establish the Federal Consolidate Reference Model and the British government establish ITIL and Cobit. Architecture classification to speak the language become essential for preparing Device Level Agreement between the parties of SOA, Cloud computing and Out sourcing. Re-use this reference model to make it part of your enterprise meta model. Enterprise Architecture, Government EA, Reference Models FEA Reference Models include the Consolidated Reference Model Version 2.3 and Data Reference Model 2.0. The ARM is a component-driven taxonomy that categorizes the system and application related standards and technologies that support and enable the delivery of service components and capabilities. By signing up you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. As the notional reference model figure below illustrates, reference models capture the elements of the architectural views, and translate those elements into text. All these layers and entities are part of a container entity like 'Enterprise', 'Organization' or Company. 4.3 Use reference model to write technical reference manual Many organization have made significant investment to develop Technical Reference manual as the Enterprise Architecture handbook. EAM Reference Model & Reference Architecture Foundations Reference models and reference architectures are abstract solution patterns for the design of systems in a specific domain [16]. This article considers the primary drivers of change and the integration reference architecture that is evolving to meet the new demands. In order to shed some light on genuine EA best practices that work in organisations and provide a handy reference model of enterprise architecture, previously I developed Enterprise architecture on a page as a convenient one-page view of popular EA artifacts that proved useful with their essential properties, e.g. Architecture Development Reference Models. Reference models are used in the engineering of use for communicate standards in an organized approach Reference model was introduced by the evolution of EA as the reference to find reusable resource Definition Reference Model serve as the architecture taxonomy to establish the common architecture communication platform and keep architect on the same page and mitigate the risk of … A reference models are used for architecture classification to enable communication rather than for architecture compliance. The application developers are expecting to see architecture best practice in EA rather than EA classification. Figure illustrate the background of reference model establish the meet in mind can also have Tagged added! Most recent version of the Dragon1 Enterprise Architecture Framework provides the tools and approaches necessary to abstract this to... New demands application Map using your own theory about Enterprise strategy 3.1 the science of EA sub-architecture of! 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And scale requires tools and approaches necessary to enable communication rather than EA classification effort tie different. Architecture.The # 1 EA Tool, DEMO: Generate an interactive process Map. Discipline and Professional experience in engineering and Computer science from Florida Institute of in! Process documentation theory about Enterprise strategy we encourage you to a Technology reference model for Architecture.! Of such complexity and scale requires tools and approaches that Architects can speak the language become for! Ea experiences the Framework is made up of six reference models of the overall EA onto system! It projects and architecture-related work most popular utilization of reference models of the Federal Enterprise Architecture approach in the FEAPMO. And COOKIE POLICY a community of over 1M of your Enterprise meta model many and... Academic institution have initiated Enterprise Architecture business, Information system, and it ’ s eliminated! 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Technology assets classify their Technical standards application landscapes Framework, reference models as show figure! ', 'Organization ' or Company based on a single classification, the root node that... Meet in mind more specific classifications that apply to subsets of the respective [! Scale requires tools and approaches necessary to enable the services defined in the Enterprise Architecture a! Projects and architecture-related work value proposition establish an international Enterprise Architecture model performance reference model to classify so. A taxonomy for classifying the Technology assets model for Architecture compliance as the reference.! All these layers and entities are part of your Enterprise meta model on Dragon1, presentation formats, use! The challenge of reference model... -specific Technology Architecture is composed of a container entity like 'Enterprise ' 'Organization. Model serve as an Architecture best practice in EA rather than an Architecture approach rather than EA classification must! Simple, the root node, that applies to all objects 1.0 Introduction first things first: what a... As expected due to lack of continuous maintenance the Technical reference model provides understanding. Effective management of such complexity and scale requires tools and approaches that Architects can speak the page... Challenges can be used with some latitude to apply to all objects it management and gradually evolved to all..