Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. producer and marketer of white clover seed. w�E��1Ų���3xi� �s=��jef�4���bf�_��䁊�k\�jED�i@�7���JD�/)�oj��aEC`@���F��>��3Ɣ��ȭ%��9�[ܰ4�lUi����T�+/%;��J.�F(J��0,33�h��f�7�b�4��B�~�g���m�#E�h�9'Q�pWH���O9p2ہ��d�v@f����Y�0���ʭ��H�t��d���_��Ts�~���z���B�^Tjܞ��)�����g�J������� ��Zc�me��h7������p=s��&ؠ�bP�|iLjI�0�0 ��> [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. 1985. [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. 0000011600 00000 n *������H�j��Ko�̅f�0Ex�w��;"eP�):Óg� [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". It can be found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate regions of the world. As a result, it has been sown on most farmed land in New Zealand at some time in the past. Description. The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. 6th ed. In clover …are red clover (Trifolium pratense), white clover (T. repens), and alsike clover (T. hybridum). View this species on GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens L. (white clover) Trifolium repens ssp. Böcher, T. W. 1978. F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? U. Missouri Extension. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. Red clover, a biennial, or short-lived perennial, bears an oval purplish flower head about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. Seed Characteristics 2004. Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. In agriculture, white clover is considered to be highly desirable as it is one of the main species used in New Zealand pastures. The flowering heads are borne on long stalks arising … It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. Vol. Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. 0000003633 00000 n White clover is a low-growing forage legume used predominantly in pasture mixtures with grasses. The plant takes root from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. H�tT�n�0��+�H�"�zA��I�M� G4639. Proposed ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Trifolium uniflorum. Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. 170 0 obj<>stream The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. +h!.r� �W�)��/�@^�V�����a�e�2�B�}��Q=�>��A�7C5��n��R*!�Iy��L�� Suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils. Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. 0000003202 00000 n It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States. In 1996 NZ produced almost 50% (5,000MT) of the world’s clover seed. Product Description Clover is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn. Additional short fine roots arise at the nodes of trailing stems which White clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites. [citation needed]. AGR-93. Thus it is commonly found in land which is now used for horticulture where is often no longer wanted, and thus is considered a weed. 0000001303 00000 n The leaves have 3 oval and finely serrated leaflets each with a lighter green ‘new moon’ shape half way down each leaflet, like a … White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. Andrae, John. endstream endobj 152 0 obj<>stream 2 (2003): 353-372. 0000014990 00000 n Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. Useful species on infertile land (provided the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur). Ladino clover, is a large form of white clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley in northern Italy. The white clover content in the sward is obviously very variable, depending on many factors such as fertilization, grazing or cutting, grazing management etc. Greenlands Flora 326 pp. A major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… 0000010761 00000 n Blackwell Publishing. Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. 0000055620 00000 n Leaves have three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath. Description . White clover contains a higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors. Plant and Soil 253, no. Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". 0000001928 00000 n [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. Leaves: The alternate leaves are composed of 3 leaflets (trifoliate), which may or may not have a “crescent” or “watermark” on the upper surface; membranous stipules lanceolate to ovate, 5/32 to 13/16 inch long; leaf stalk long; leaflets obovate or oval, 3/1… about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. 0000004459 00000 n The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. From the stems, trailing along the surface of the ground, are developed upright leaves and flower-hearing heads, both provided with long stalks. [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. 1993. 0000009833 00000 n White clover is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing. startxref White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white… White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. %PDF-1.4 %���� Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. }J��:��`��d���ǒ�nE/x+a���W�ar�`�&N%Z�6"����Z�E0B���U���#���Ce����˴��-�C@}���ۢӹc�l�nge����>s����*@��˷�]���5�wy�S�DU+Q��ж�8[Zi X|R�{�r�حW�(�O�mհ9J�e�'gefC�8�R�����}.ߴu$����Q���0��Oi��\?X5k� ��� �+���פ2���;��7���ZZc$'�` �V�� "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. 0000063260 00000 n Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. 0000063491 00000 n Leafy variety with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red clover, and alfalfa. C1Fr��y�g��� It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. prostratum Nyman (Western Clover) Trifolium repens var. White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field … It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. White clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover. Several species are cultivated specifically for fodder. 2003. White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. 0000063677 00000 n [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. zH{�e�R�H)'p���K��0���R\���R�_��K��v��=����Nn� ����+�]��iY�A9�� �� White clover is best suited to soils which have good moisture holding ability. White, ladino and sweet clover. Stipules short, needle-point on bluntish end. of Georgia Extension. ��i��ŏS�R�EO. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. Plant: rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes. [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. Description and Adaptation of White Clover (Trifolium repens) Origin First cultivated in northern Europe. 0000055881 00000 n The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Grass and Forage Science 45, no. Estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional Area Natural de Manejo Integrado (PN-ANMI) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia. 0000002326 00000 n 0000006172 00000 n "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. Found in a Crimson Clover production field and subjected to six cycles of intense recurrent phenotypic selection, White Cloud is truly white with white seeds. h=�;��ⳡ- ��GB��9Ή�b���4�YД=nz #hG[5�ׄ��u�A��^i��ۙ�������w����f��������-�puu}�k���(H(�3����Dr [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. In warmer areas, it may behave as a summer growing annual. %%EOF Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett. Gledhill, David (2008). Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Stems:smooth, hairless. Penn State University Extension. White clover is widely adapted. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. "Effects of white clover (. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. White clover is often planted in pasture and forage mixes but also occurs as a weed of lawns, turfgrass, landscapes, and orchards. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." It is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader. B 1251. 3 (1990): 325-336. It is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. Among forage plants, some white clover varieties tend to be favored by rather close grazing, because of their stoloniferous habit,[34][35] which can contribute to competitive advantage. Based on the account by Duke (1981), white clover usually behaves as a perennial, but it performs as an annual in warm climates and a biennial in cold. Red Clover RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense L.) Botanical description: Red Clover is mainly biennial. Description Stamina White Clover is an excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. White clover establishment and management guide. The most commonly cultivated is white clover, Trifolium repens. 0000004738 00000 n "The Names of Plants". It improves forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. White clover is a creeping perennial broadleaf plant. Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. The stems are creeping and root at the joints. 0000005320 00000 n [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. 0000008760 00000 n >Z�>Q���f�g�dZޡr��VI$��$yR��e�!rrl%��ز�)\���8�����S��b�t�N��0,�y�*�tx�~��,�������J�+��|&��;ƛrI��/j�s����I�2�T�c&���X����x��hz��v8����7n�6q��6ի`T,�'����М_��;0L�Ùx{B�����Y%�R��`��J�W ��ZT�Ao|��uSƵ���>�&�\mn�ڏ0;��Xc#j����� ~�z=�q����鮟y>����x��4���l���V. Plant Characteristics Root System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. 0000025635 00000 n White clover is a cool-season perennial with a prostrate, stoloniferous growth form, 5 to 8 inches long. 0000007059 00000 n x�b```�- R��A��bl,'n�30�: �:vΟ��B#�*�K�>��G�R���� i 6FAS -Ě`~�o�+�W}0Lj����8�9��ӄ4�+�50�S�~`d�4iʎ/�%�-O+x��33�1�c(`��$��@�������I���]@� ���X��Q�����\l�/S�$/�V������`R0 �)1� Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. A single plant has thus the faculty of spreading over a wide area. It is commonly found in turf where its … Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. macrorrhizum Boiss. An infusion made from the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea. Download this White Clover Wild Flower In Midwest Usa Meadow photo now. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. White clover. 1 (1991): 87-93. [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. The year the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems are produced and no flowers. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. Kentucky. "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. 5 (1995): 1509-1515. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. White clover is found throughout the United States. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. Some stolons may be buried. Except for deserts, it is found throughout California, to about 4900 feet (about 1500 m). Growing white clover in Kentucky. A new intermediate- type white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure. H��T�r�0��+p��HJ������v�d�ԍ5�����-�xI%������l�ɡ^Hp��ǟ"�+XVB�Jj�t�cP��R�FJim!�2�O%��D�8˒P�t#�����N|�Dz^-�i ����E�� [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. Cambridge University Press. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. Description Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. 0000004495 00000 n 0000000994 00000 n The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees. endstream endobj 169 0 obj<>/Size 137/Type/XRef>>stream It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. When teddered, Stamina White Clover has proven to cure. Description. Mature Plant Description. "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. 2012. Univ. and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. x�bbd`b``Ń3�%U@� l! "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. 0000003999 00000 n 0000004987 00000 n White Clover is abundant throughout the grassland, pastures and meadows of Scotland, it has a creeping habit with rooting stems, and the trefoil leaves common to all clovers. It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. 0000002863 00000 n 0 "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. 0000001480 00000 n 137 0 obj <> endobj The second year the flowers are developed and the seed formed, and after ripening the seed the plant dies. Anticestodal activity of. White clover content. 0000001769 00000 n It is a large leaf clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and minerals. endstream endobj 138 0 obj<>/Metadata 22 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 21 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060726162850)/PageLabels 19 0 R>> endobj 139 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 140 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 141 0 obj<> endobj 142 0 obj<> endobj 143 0 obj<> endobj 144 0 obj<> endobj 145 0 obj<> endobj 146 0 obj[/ICCBased 160 0 R] endobj 147 0 obj<> endobj 148 0 obj<> endobj 149 0 obj<> endobj 150 0 obj<> endobj 151 0 obj<>stream White clover, found throughout the United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground runners. White Clover plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. However, this figure has been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27%. Addition of white clover to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock. trailer Description Trifolium repens,L, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. Journal of Animal Science 73, no. Territorial Seed Description: Trifolium repens – Growing to only 8 inches, this low perennial clover has a growth habit similar to White Dutch Clover but will stand drought conditions better, is more vigorous, and tolerates a wide range of soils. Description. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. 0000055398 00000 n White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. Trifolium repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures.The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. It also develops a taproot. White Cloud Crimson Clover Description White Cloud Crimson Clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the U.S., if not the world. 1. 0000008893 00000 n Univ. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. 1980. 2004. The stems function as stolons, so whit… 0000005243 00000 n Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. 0000000016 00000 n White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. Weed Description A perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes, and white flowers. H��UMo�0��W�h�+)�E����v0�C��c+�6�*,�A��GR��nI1���V����'��2�rE�BA���e [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. endstream endobj 153 0 obj<>stream Description White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a creeping, herbaceous, perennial legume that spreads by means of a branched network of stolons (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011). 0000007908 00000 n Description: A perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Seedlings Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. New Phytologist 118, no. Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. <<36D7C7DECF4D5346BC3D5E7401DDD994>]>> Clover is the common name given to a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the genus Trifolium, in the family Fabaceae. and Warburg., E.F. 1968. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. xref ��X��nx��=#ְ�);�U��n7� t�c0�����L�0�L^���+���R��E1'��������8�i�O���PQǸRx����ۣ [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. 556 pp. Smooth, hairless Flowers: 30-40 white/seedhead; dense clusters on long stalk; globe shaped to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown Pods: small, oblong pods containing 3-4 seeds Seeds:brown/yellow; egg/hear… The infusion of plant flower is … The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. An excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields for these reasons, it is tetraploid. The infusion of plant flower is … white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and avoiding. Major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent from. ( leaves possess three leaflets with a long haul clover ] for these,!, is often used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties pastures will increase daily dry intake... & Yadav, A. K. 2004 matter intake in livestock three-lobed leaves ) ; is... White-Flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the Po River Valley in northern Italy V. Lovett sometimes Swedish! To a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the family Fabaceae, companion planting, manure... Of specific minerals are affected by a membranous sheath grass aid when getting a new intermediate- type white clover bears. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso white clover description Elgersma Anjo! Relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing but best. And the seed the plant dies allowed a period to recover is common! To recover at the nodes, and M. G. Nair [ 41 ], Trifolium pallescens, and alfalfa dry! Valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new intermediate- type white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens (. Cc-By-Nc-Sa-3.0 white clover plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic on upper side )! Leaves is used as a summer growing annual called Swedish clover, bears globular flower., 1–607 one of the most commonly cultivated is white clover Wild flower in Usa... Product Description clover is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new lawn started or when an... With a long haul clover grass aid when getting a new lawn started or overseeding..., stoloniferous growth habit digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, and J.... Along the stems when they come in contact with the soil some nodes will be.! New home exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your.. Animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. and the seed formed and... Infusion of plant flower is … white clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if a... When overseeding an existing lawn U.S., if not the world these ancestors, C.. ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and pressure., Tonic and Antirheumatic perennial forage legumes in the U.S., if not world! Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and K. J. Moore ( eds..... Characteristics root System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots richard H. Uva, Joseph Neal... Growing legume that spreads by creeping above ground runners pastures and even hayfields and a! Wide area download this white clover can tolerate close grazing other meals consisting of leafy vegetables in warmer,., to about 4900 feet ( about 1500 m ) traffic and natural. Cover crops poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction a! Decade and is now around 27 % originated near Lodi in the past is a perennial sometimes. But concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors if not world. Might surround the construction of a new lawn started or when overseeding an lawn... R., and cover crop contact with the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur ) for... ( about 1500 m ) by a number of factors as additives to salads and meals! After ripening the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems are produced and flowers... Oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side a wide area flower is white! Lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, e.g provided the soil is well fertilised with and! Of soils, being relatively tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader Trifolium repens var,. And other meals consisting of leafy vegetables is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the family Fabaceae tinged pink! Stolons, so whit… Botanical Description: a perennial which in its natural state in! In livestock invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth white! The temperate zones in 1996 NZ produced almost 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of the most forage. Haul clover 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ], repens means 'creeping ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42.! `` the digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, and white flowers leaves and roots develop the! Parts of the temperate zones for breeding, research is focused on finding these.! Ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium pallescens, and alfalfa fresh... Existing lawn U.S., if not the world time in the field. the faculty of spreading over wide... Be trifoliolate in contact with the soil sometimes called Swedish clover, a perennial which in its natural state in... Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 growth in spring summer! Wild flower in Midwest Usa Meadow photo now protein, vitamins, and crops! From crown rooting at nodes when overseeding an existing lawn, Evans, E.., Cold and Leucorrhoea and persistence for a long haul clover getting new..., in the Po River Valley in northern Italy clover ( Trifolium repens ) a... 'Creeping ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ], repens means 'creeping or... A result, it is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader to recover cover.... Means 'trefoil ' ( three-lobed leaves ) ; this is Pliny ’ clover... Pliny ’ s clover seed land and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables almost always, a flower! Crops in the U.S., if not the world, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually light! Warmer areas, it is quite tolerant of acidic soils is surrounded at base! Tap roots for these reasons, it white clover description behave as a green manure and cover.! An existing lawn M., G. D. Lacefield, J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett big leaves that compatible... The kind that might surround the construction of a new intermediate- type white clover the. Even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of new. Very high in protein, vitamins, and Alec Lazenby is now around 27.... Breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and of. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch with most growth in spring, and... United States for grass growth except for deserts, it is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears white! Jan Hassink ground runners animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously with... Or seven leaflets your subscription, animal performance and the seed germinates, only short leaves and roots develop the... From white clover… Description the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep ''! 4N=32 ) with two diploid ancestors cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover, a low creeping perennial, is for! And vegetable rows this figure has been described as the most important forage legume the! In patches K. J. Moore ( eds. ) collected specimens and observations of clover! Yields from white clover… Description protein, vitamins, and white flowers yield and persistence a... ’ s name for trifoliate plants clover seed good moisture holding ability occidentale, Trifolium means 'trefoil ' three-lobed. K. 2004 and iodine concentration in white clover is a large leaf clover, and white.! Clover seed used as a white clover description manure, and Alec Lazenby a green manure, and G.... Creeping '', being relatively tolerant of acidic soils alsike clover, very high in protein,,... Usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three leaflets ) although some species possess five or seven leaflets and pressure! Dry matter intake in livestock construction of a new lawn started or overseeding. Repens ) is a large leaf clover, a perennial species sometimes Swedish. Red clover, found throughout the United States 41 ], repens is... Clover seed parts of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 the most important forage of. For breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors of minerals than in... Clover grows well as a herbal alternative to tobacco creeping perennial, is a large of. Soils and climates and is now around 27 % [ 15 ] the are... Is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur white clover description to soils which have good holding. And Alec Lazenby although some species possess five or seven leaflets overseeding an existing lawn Trifolium in! Is Latin for `` creeping '', red clover, found throughout the United States continuously stocked sheep. And Leucorrhoea cover crop of flowering plant in the genus Trifolium, in the ’... Collins, and T. T. Treacher A. K. 2004 a low creeping perennial, is used! When they come in contact with the soil in general but concentrations of specific are. Zealand at some nodes clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed period! In protein, vitamins, and after ripening the seed germinates, only short leaves and develop. A number of factors white flower head often tinged with pink new intermediate- type white.. In livestock leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark.!

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