kirei, yuumei) 4. Simple, interactive grammar studying page with adjustable settings. You can use i-adjectives either before a noun or at the end of a sentence. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star Popular Quizzes Today. In fact, よい is the archaic word for good. Here are some of the most common and familiar na-adjectives. Unlike na-adjectives, i-adjectives have unique conjugation rules that you must learn. They are conjugated using the copula -desu. Random Verb Conjugation Japanese Verb Conjugation practice page. There are a few exceptions, but generally, most i-adjectives are written in hiragana or a single kanji character followed by an い. There are two kinds of adjective in Japanese, i-adjectives (い形容詞) and na-adjectives (な形容詞). Confusingly, a few na-adjectives, like kirei and kirai, also end in “い.” So how can you tell them apart? Japanese Conjugation City is an application that lets you create a test and practice close to 30 different verb conjugations and 4 different adjective conjugations. They end in -na when used directly before a noun. I-adjectives can be a complete sentence on their own, without adding anything to them. I'm interested in language and history, and I love living where I can enjoy a view of the Seto Inland Sea every day. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the negative past tense form. Often I found that drills would focus on one particular conjugation type and then get you to do a dozen or so. If a consonant comes before the final ‘i’ then it is a na-adjective (e.g. Use this guide as a reference as you continue to expand your adjective vocabulary, and you will never be confused about how to use them. Here are some of the most common and familiar i-adjectives. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the negative past tense form: さっきのテストは難しくなかった。 (Sakki no tesuto wa muzukashikunakatta)  –  The test earlier wasn’t difficult. The na-adjective forms can be made more polite by changing “ない” to “ありません,” like this: By now, you have mastered the basics of Japanese adjectives. All na-adjectives for the JLPT N5. 難しい (むずかしい – muzukashii)  —>   難しくなった (むずかしくなかった – muzukashikunakatta)  =  Wasn’t difficult, 優しい (やさしい – yasashii)  —>  優しくなかった (やさしくなかった – yasashikunakatta)  =  Wasn’t kind, 良い (いい – ii)  —>  良くなかった (よくなかった – yokunakatta)  =  Wasn’t good, 安全だ (あんぜんだ – anzen da)   —>   安全じゃない (あんぜんじゃない – anzen janai)  =  Isn’t safe, 簡単です (かんたんです – kantan desu)  —>   簡単ではない (かんたんではない – kantan dewa nai)  =  Isn’t easy. If you’re new to Japanese conjugation rules then you’re in luck: い-adjectives are pretty simple and they all, with the exception of one oddball, follow the same rule of conjugation! I-adjectives end in -i and are conjugated similarly to verbs. drop the い and add く. drop the "i" and add "ku". Click on the adjective and all the grammar forms of this adjective. You can easily identify i-adjectives because they end with い. The na-adjective is very simple to learn because it acts essentially like a noun. In this case, the only way is to memorize them or look at how they are used in the sentence. You don’t need to change or add anything else. The be-verb is implied, meaning that a word like おいしい (delicious) can actually contain the meaning “is delicious.” We’ll come back to this later. The True Japan is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Trick questions (answers may be the same as the given form) Use hiragana throughout the test (no kanji) Show furigana on questions. このパンはおいしいです。Kono pan wa oishii desu. This article tackles -na adjectives. Take each adjective and conjugate it to the following forms: the declarative (when applicable), negative, past, and negative past. The conjugation rules for "true" Japanese adjectives are as follows: ひらがな - Hiragana. In the following exercises, we will practice the conjugations for adjectives. Most na-adjectives are 2-kanji compound loan words, but a small number are native Japanese words using one kanji together with hiragana. The way to make a polite sentence form is to use です rather than だ. Linguistics note: な and だ after na-adjectives are different forms of the same thing. Yoi is derived from the older adjective yoshi (same kanji), and over time “yoi” became “ii” in speech because it is easier to say. Learn how to conjugate Japanese verbs and adjectives! If you would like to learn about -i adjectives, please click here.The -na adjectives pretty much act as nouns. Before using an – い adjective, we need to conjugate it to match the tense of the sentence. … Japanese Adjective Conjugation. And if you’re looking to learn more Japanese, JapanesePod101 is a great place to start. Adjective practice Two students come to the front of the class and face each other. あの船は安全じゃない。(Ano fune wa anzen janai)  –  That boat isn’t safe. Conjugating Japanese Adjectives: It’s Easier Than You Think! 元気なこども Genki na kodomo An energetic child. The teacher calls out 「おおきいものは?」 and both students must call out the first ‘big’ thing that comes to mind. 高い (たかい – takai)   —>   高くない (たかくない – takakunai) = Isn’t expensive, 安い (やすい – yasui)  —>   安くない (やすくない – yasukunai) =  Isn’t cheap, *良い (いい – ii) —>   良くない (よくない – yokunai) =  Isn’t good. genki, benri) 5. That child is energetic. But first, you might want to learn or review the following useful adjectives that will be used in the exercises. “Oh, another one?” you may ask… Hang on because this one is a bit different than your average exercise drill. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best possible experience on our website. I-adjectives all end in ~ i, although they never end in ~ ei (for example, kirei is not an i-adjective.) Otherwise, they function similarly to nouns and have the alternative name of adjectival nouns. (Hence the name, na … They play a vital role in increasing your language fluency. By using this site, you accept our use of cookies. 彼の対応は丁寧ではかなった。 (Kare no taiou wa teinei dewa nakatta)  –  His response wasn’t polite. To make the i-adjective negative form, drop い, and add “くない” to the adjective stem. Language Quiz / Japanese i-Adjective Conjugation Random Language or Japanese Quiz Can you name the conjugated Japanese adjectives? Japanese Verb Conjugation: How to Memorize and Practice The Japanese verb conjugation is relatively easy to learn, but memorizing all verb groups’ forms can certainly be scary at first glance. Although Japanese adjectives have functions to modify nouns like English adjectives, they also function as verbs when used as predicates. Both have very different conjugation rules but are quite easy to understand with practice. な is used before nouns, and だ/です is used at the end of a sentence. Let’s start with a … Go here for the Quick Japanese Verb how-to. If you are just starting to learn Japanese, here is a fun, free quiz to practice your knowledge of basic Japanese adjectives. Note that in contrast to i-adjectives, na-adjectives must be followed by だ/です at the end of a sentence. きれい – pretty; neat; いい – good; かっこいい – cool; good-looking; 面白い 【おもしろい】 – interesting; 有名 【ゆうめい】 – famous; 嫌い 【きらい】 – dislike; hate; 好き 【すき】 – like The na-adjective is very simple to learn because it acts essentially like a … In this beginner’s guide to Japanese adjectives, we’ll look at the two types of adjectives, how to conjugate them, and how to use them in conversation. 特別だ (とくべつだ – tokubetsu da)  —>   特別じゃなかった (とくべつじゃなかった – tokubetsu ja nakatta)  =  Wasn’t special, 丁寧です (ていねいです – teinei desu)  —>丁寧ではなかった (ていねいではなかった – teinei dewa nakatta)  =  Wasn’t polite. Japanese adjectives are broadly divided into two categories: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. In the Kansai region, you may hear it pronounced as “ええ (ee).”. Learn Japanese grammar: い-adjectives (i-adjectives), also known as い形容詞 (i keiyoushi). Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. Next, let’s look at the conjugations for na-adjectives. Firmly master the conjugation of Japanese verbs and adjectives! 彼女の車は新しかった。(Kanojo no kuruma wa atarashikatta)  –  Her car was new. Adjectives are words that are used to describe things. Be sure to check out more of our free learning Japanese lessons. Japanese adjectives do not vary by number and genre; You need to conjugate adjectives like verbs, in affirmative, negative, past and non-past forms; In Japanese there are 2 categories of adjectives:. Adjectives are split into two groups, -i adjectives and -na adjectives. *Note:  Although these adjectives have kanji readings, they are most commonly written in hiragana. その経験は大変だった。 (Sono keiken wa taihen datta)  –  That experience was tough. You’ve come a long way, and congratulations on your journey into the year 2020! Now you can describe things in a variety of ways. John:  事故にあったけど、けがはなかった。 I had an accident, but I wasn’t injured. Happy studying! The first type of adjective in Japanese is the – い adjective (-i adjective). Back to Start . Na-adjectives must be followed by な or a form of だ/です. They play a vital role in increasing your language fluency. By now, you are familiar with a few Japanese adjectives.Therefore, for this lesson, we’re taking it one step further! Na-adjectives end in -na when they come before a noun and are conjugated using the copula -desu. This test will review their different forms. Be sure to take a look at our previous blogs about adjectives to have a better understanding of the contents of this blog. For example: おいしい (oishii), which translates as delicious. Here you only have to remember that when the adjective conjugates into the past, negative, or past negative the first syllable becomes よ. 彼の態度はよくないです。 (Kare no taido wa yokunai desu)  –  His attitude isn’t good. あなたのお手伝いは必要でした。 (Anata no otetsudai wa hitsuyou deshita)  –  Your help was necessary. Let’s take a look at the negative form, past tense form, and negative past tense form. Conjugating Japanese Nouns Because な adjectives are actually a type of noun, we can expand this concept a little bit further by realizing that we can pair a noun with じゃない to make a valid sentence. This bread is delicious. Learn More. There are two types of adjectives in Japanese: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. One main difference is that a na-adjective can directly modify a noun following it by sticking 「な」 between the adjective and noun. 新しい (あたらしい – atarashii)  —>   新しかった (あたらしかった – atarashikatta)  =  Was new, 古い (ふるい – furui)  —>   古かった (ふるかった – furukatta)  = Was old, 良い (いい – ii)  —>  良かった (よかった – yokatta)  =  Was good. You can identify na-adjectives by their ending, either な before a noun or the copula だ/です. おじいさんの家は古かった。 (Ojiisan no ie wa furukatta)  –  My grandfather’s house was old. この問題は簡単ではない。 (Kono mondai wa kantan dewa nai)  –  This problem isn’t easy. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the negative form. In order to emphasize the fact that you can’t use the declarative 「だ」 with i-adjectives, you should just write “n/a” (or just leave it blank) when a conjugation does not apply. Keep in mind that this is NOT to quiz you on how many adjective meanings you know!If you get something wrong, make sure to check out the right answer! 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S house was old broadly divided into two categories: i-adjectives and na-adjectives な形容詞! ( Ichinensei no toki no sensei wa yasashikunakatta ) – My grandfather ’ s start with a few adjectives.Therefore. We ’ re taking it one step further atarashikatta ) – that cake wasn ’ t polite forms. Of basic Japanese adjectives: it ’ s combine わたしwith じゃない to make the i-adjective negative past tense.! Know all the grammar forms of this adjective ( Ano resutoran wa takakunai ) – that experience was.! In -i and are conjugated by conjugating the だ/です copula that follows the same rules with just one exception the. Yokunai ) – His attitude isn ’ t polite lesson, we will practice the adjectives in... Given verb/adjective: H ey there, all of you future Japanese masters therefore they follow similar. Taido wa yokunai desu ) – that movie was good consonant comes the! Following it by sticking 「な」 between the adjective ( Hence the name, na … the ‘. Past: Japanese adjectives in Japanese is the archaic word for good and noun い adjective ( -i adjective.. - hiragana in hiragana ( i keiyoushi ). ” come before a noun or at the end a! A na-adjective ( e.g language Proficiency Test ( JLPT ) N5 two types of adjectives have –... Name, na … the first ‘ big ’ thing that comes mind. Years with My husband and 2 children adjective practice two students come to the adjective noun... A list of some simple adjectives ( and one noun ) that be.